Tuesday, 29 July 2014

México: Nuevas medidas para evitar Importación de Piratería


A partir del 25 de julio de 2014, todos los importadores que ingresen mercancía a México deberán indicar si los productos ostentan alguna marca registrada y si se tienen los derechos de marca o si están autorizados a su uso.

Esta nueva medida se exige desde la entrada en vigor de la Décima Segunda Resolución de Modificaciones a las Reglas de Carácter General en Materia de Comercio Exterior para 2013, con la que se incorporan cambios a los formatos de pedimento de importaciones.

Estas modificaciones, según expertos en propiedad intelectual, ayudarán tanto a las autoridades aduaneras a identificar de forma eficiente mercancía legal y, de esta forma, optimizar su despacho, así como también servirá de barrera para quienes pretendan importar mercancías falsificadas.

Con estas nuevas reglas será más fácil para la autoridad aduanera identificar aquellas mercancías que puedan estar violando derechos de propiedad industrial, concretamente marcas registradas, y contribuirá a tener una correcta identificación de mercancías.

No obstante, si bien, las reglas recientemente reformadas facilitan únicamente la detección de mercancías infractoras, todavía se necesitará la actuación de la autoridad competente, ya sea el IMPI o la PGR, previa denuncia o solicitud del titular o representante de la marca afectada, lo que aún dificulta el proceso de combate a la importación de mercancías.

El texto completo de las modificaciones puede consultarse aquí.

Anteproyecto de ley de proteción de tratamiento datos de Chile

El Ministerio de Economía de Chile elaboró una propuesta de ley con el fin de avanzar en la legislación de datos para cumplir con los estándares internacionales y así contribuir a un mejor desarrollo de las actividades económicas. El proyecto legislativo contiene un nuevo enfoque que va desde la regulación de un mercado de datos personales a la protección de las personas 

Para elaborar el anteproyecto de ley se consideró la legislación internacional, en especial la Resolución de Madrid, las Directrices de la Unión Europea y la OCDE y la experiencia de países como México, Costa Rica y Uruguay.

La iniciativa legal del Ejecutivo chileno, junto con fijar las condiciones para el tratamiento de datos, establece un sistema de derechos para las personas y crea mecanismos efectivos para hacerlos valer. Además crea una Autoridad de Protección de Datos, así como un régimen de sanciones para quienes no respetan la normativa.

La iniciativa estará durante tres semanas en consulta ciudadana en la web del Ministerio de Economía. La consulta y el proyecto se encuentran disponibles aquí.

Fuente: Diego Ponce (@Diego_Ponce)

Monday, 28 July 2014

Case pending appeal could mark U-turn regarding representation Bolivia

A recent decision of the Bolivian Patent and Trade Mark Office (Decision 165951), in first-instance opposition proceedings between the marks SMART FIT and SMART FIT, has caused something of a stir. In short, an application to register the word mark SMART FIT was opposed by the owner of an earlier SMART FIT registration. This opposition was rejected since the power of attorney given to the opponent's local agent had been issued after the opposition was filed: accordingly, the opponent had acted without representation.

The basis for this decision, characterised as a "failure to understand the spirit of the law, as well as the doctrine of representation, the nature of IP activities and past precedents" may be found in Article 67 of Bylaw 27113:
“Any person being represented that makes a request to the government ought to file the power of attorney with the request”.  
This clearly signifies that representation needs to be shown before the process is concluded, as Article 13 of Law 2341 states that “… in order for all acts carried out by the representative to be good and valid, the appointee must show a power of attorney before a resolution is passed”. However, the law does not require that acts carried out without the existence of a power of attorney cannot be subsequently held valid.

This decision is currently under appeal a the second opposition, in which the same issue is at stake, is awaiting resolution.

Source: "Case pending appeal could mark U-turn regarding representation Bolivia" written by Juan Ignacio Zapata (Bolet & Terrero, La Paz) for World Trademark Review, 20 June 2014, from which further information and commentary can be found. 

Friday, 25 July 2014

Infringement, not consumer deceit, is the key to criminal prosecuition, says Argentine court

Matos Berna, Beatriz Noelia s/ Recurso de casación, Docket No. 361/2013, is a ruling of 26 February 2014 from the Argentine Federal Criminal Court of Cassation involved an action brought by the public prosecutor against Beatriz Matos Berna, who was accused of selling counterfeit trade marked products on the street.

The trial court acquitted the defendant on charges of sale of counterfeit trade marked goods  under Law No. 22,362, Section 31(d), following earlier decisions to the effect that the circumstances of the case (in this instance the street sale of ostensibly counterfeit products in small quantities) excluded the possibility of consumer deceit, posed no harm to the trade mark holder and did not therefore constitute a criminal offence.  After the prosecutor's appeal to the Federal Court of Appeals failed, the prosecutor appealed further to the Federal Criminal Court of Cassation, arguing that consumer deceit was not a requisite element of the crime in question. Division IV of Federal Criminal Court of Cassation agreed in its majority decision and reversed the lower courts’ rulings, ordering that the criminal proceedings continue.

Said the majority, the risk of consumer confusion is not a requisite for a successful prosecution on charges of criminal trade mark counterfeiting -- but the violation of the trade mark owner’s exclusive rights over the mark is.

Source: "Consumer Deceit Is Not Required to Prosecute Counterfeiting at Criminal Courts", by Martín Chajchir (Marval, O’Farrell & Mairal, Buenos Aires), pubnlished in the INTA Bulletin July 1, 2014 Vol. 69 No. 12

Tuesday, 22 July 2014

A sign of the times -- or assign of the times? Venezuela at last allows recordal of deals with applications

Following the withdrawal of Venezuela from the Andean Community, its Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) decided to revert to that country's Industrial Property Law of 1955. Since no regulations were promulgated under that law for the assignment of pending trade mark and patent applications, it transpired that their assignment was no longer admissible. Accordingly, until a trade mark or patent is actually granted and recorded on the register, there is no property right but only a petition to grant a property right -- and only property rights (ie registered patents and trade marks) could be assigned.

On 31 March of this year the Venezuelan Autonomous Intellectual Property Service (SAPI) published a notice indicating that, owing to business dynamics, and the fact that IP rights are property of a private nature, the applicant for a patent or trade mark registration has a priority right. Thus, since 9 April 2014 (when that notice became effective) , SAPI has allowed the recordal of assignments or any other changes of ownership (merger or change of names) against pending applications.

Source: "Trademark Office Now Accepts Assignment of Pending Applications", by Richard N. Brown (De Sola Pate & Brown Abogados--Consultores, Caracas), published in the INTA Bulletin, 1 July 2014 Vol. 69 No. 12, which contains further details and welcomes this change.